Energy emergency vs. net-zero strategy : Post winter 2023 can companies stay the course?

The COVID crisis and then the shortage of electronic chips had already reminded European industry how fragile it could be. 

The energy crisis seems like the straw that broke the camel’s back: thousands or companies have slowed down their activity in one year, while others have simply closed their doors or think about delocalisation in countries offering cheaper energy. Nevertheless, at the same time governments have rolled out unprecedented support measures and announcements of new industrial projects in long-term promising sectors (hydrogen fuel cells and electrolysers, green steel etc.) have been made since the beginning of the energy crisis. And more sober practices in energy consumption have been developed.

Finally, how did the European industry survive the winter? 

What are the damage and implications in the longer term? What are been the best practices, both from governments and industries? 

Are the new emerging projects adapted to the new energy context? 

What are the measures the European industry would need to keep going on reindustrialisation?