Is “energy independency” the new Graal or a dangerous illusion?

“Fight for energy independency” and “use the weapon of renewable energy to win the battle”. 

With the energy crisis and the explosion in the prices of imported gas and oil, many countries around the world have adopted these two commandments and passed bills to accelerate the development of wind, solar and nuclear energy projects. The idea seems attractive: it comes with the image of national and even local consumption that would benefit both the household budget and the fight against global warming.

But is it realistic? 

What about the issue of critical minerals for instance, the demand for which inexpected to explode in the coming years with the increasing deployment of solar and wind energy and electric vehicles? 

What about the issue of biodiversity, knowing that renewable energy projects often need large surfaces and that artificialisation of soils is the main cause for biodiversity loss. Should European countries open lithium mines? 

How could this be acceptable, knowing that the “not in my backyard” effect has long slowed down the development of projects? 

Are there some good practices on the matter in Europe?